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Measures to prevent furniture from tipping over, falling and moving

Out of the total number of people injured in recent years because of an earthquake, 30 to 50% are injured by furniture tipping over, falling and moving.

Preparation indoors

Do not place too many things in the room


Do not place too much furniture in the living space, by storing things in a storeroom, closet, and a built-in cabinet.
You will be safe if you evacuate to a space that contains less things immediately after hearing the Earthquake Early Warning.

Layout to secure an evacuation path


Adjust the layout of the furniture so as not to block the evacuation path or doors.
Store things in a built-in cabinet so furniture is not placed in the way of doors or in the hallway.
Consider which direction you should face furniture by taking into consideration that drawers may fall out.

Prevent secondary disasters such as a fire

If furniture tips over, falls or moves onto a stove, it may cause a secondary disaster such as a fire.
Furniture that may catch fire also needs measures to prevent  tipping over, falling and moving.

Points for prevention measures

Fixing with screws is the basic measure to prevent tipping over, falling and moving


After adjusting the layout of the furniture, you should use fixtures to prevent  furniture from tipping over, falling and moving. The best way is to screw the furniture to walls using L-shaped brackets.
If it is not possible use screws, it is effective to use a combination of a stopper pole and a stopper type fixture, or a stopper pole and a sticky mat.

Lock furniture with casters


If in daily use, lock the casters when furniture is not being moved around. If there is a particular permanent spot, fasten to a wall or floor with a detachable belt.
If not moved very often, fix them using caster cups and pole type fixtures.

Slip prevention of tables and chairs


Furniture that is low in height and not placed against walls, as well as tables and chairs especially require prevention against moving.
Place an anti-slip mat if it is a sticky mat or a carpet.

Measures against long‐period ground motion


The characteristics of a long‐period ground motion is that the ground sways considerably in slow motion.
In this case, suspended lights, and containers with water such as aquarium tanks and water servers require attention. Implement measures with appropriate fixtures.

* What is a long‐period ground motion?
When an earthquake occurs, it creates shakes with various frequencies (earthquake motion). The "frequency" here indicates the time it takes for a shake to complete a cycle. When a large-scale earthquake occurs, it causes slow but large swaying (earthquake motion) with a long frequency. This kind of earthquake motion is called long‐period ground motion.

Fixtures to prevent furniture from tipping over, falling and moving

L-shaped bracket (downward fixing)


Fixes furniture to the wall using wood screws and bolts.
Downward fixing is the strongest out of the slide types, upwards fixing and downwards fixing.

Pole type fixture (stopper pole)


Placed between furniture and the ceiling without using screws. It becomes stronger with the use of a sticky mat or a stopper.

Sticky sheet (mat)


The adhesive gel sticks the bottom surface of furniture to the floor surface.

Detachable movement preventing belt


Prevents furniture with casters from moving by securing them to walls.



Connects suspended lights, etc., with chains and wires.

Stopper type


Tilts the furniture towards a wall by driving a wedge under the front section of the furniture.

Caster cups


Prevents furniture from moving by placing them under the casters.

Shatter-prevention film


Film to apply on glass doors and windows.
Prevents the glass from shattering when broken.

Checking prevention measures for tipping over, etc.

In the "Handbook of measures to prevent  furniture from tipping over, falling and moving" published by Tokyo Fire Department, a checklist is provided at the end of the book in addition to introducing specific points for effectively and correctly implementing prevention measures such as for tipping over.
Utilize this checklist when implementing measures to prevent furniture from tipping over, falling and moving.

Educational videos (by Tokyo Fire Department)

In the Tokyo Fire Department website, measures to prevent furniture from tipping over, falling and moving, and measures against disasters is clearly explained with videos.

For inquiries concerning this page please contact:

Division,Bureau of General Affairs for queries on this page.

ID 2001934

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